Cubanelle vs Poblano Pepper – Key Differences

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One thing we can all agree on is that papers are hot. However, not all peppers are extremely hot; some are “sweet.” You need basic information about the different types available to enjoy your pepper how you like it. Two of the most famous and frequently used pepper across the globe are Cubanelle pepper vs Poblano peppers. These two peppers are mild peppers and are readily available in grocery stores.

Even though Cubanelle and Poblano pepper are both mild, they have characteristics that differentiate them. The difference between Poblano and Cubanelle pepper can be categorized into flavor, color, heat level, appearance, preparation methods, and use. So, between Cubanelle vs Poblano pepper, which one is hotter?

In this article, you will learn the difference between Cubanelle pepper vs Poblano pepper, their flavors, health benefits, and other details that will help you choose the right one.

What is Poblano Pepper?

cubanelle vs poblano pepper - poblano peppers

Poblano pepper, which is sometimes called the Anchor chili pepper, is a Mexican-origin pepper widely used in most Mexican recipes. A mature pepper is heart-shaped with dark green color and approximately four inches long. Its mild flavor can be said to have a “woodsy” quality, although some people believe Poblano peppers taste similar to bell peppers; this might have more to do with the thick walls and crunch these peppers have. Poblano peppers are suitable for people who prefer less heat in their food.

The dried Poblano pepper is also called Mulato or Ancho pepper. However, when Poblano pepper is left to dry and then ripen (the color changes to red), it is called Pasilla Chili or Chili Negro. Dried Poblanos can be substituted into many dishes when chopped Pablano peppers are unavailable.

Due to their big size and flat side, Poblano peppers are good for stuffing and grilling. You can stuff them with almost anything you want, but they are commonly filled with cheese. Poblano peppers have a smoky flavor and are milder than some pepper, making them suitable for dips, sauces, and salsas. You can use this paper on slow-cooked dishes and stews.

Most peppers can be swapped out for another due to little taste difference. If you cannot find these peppers, the best Poblano pepper substitute is the Anaheim pepper, although some people use Jalapeño peppers instead.

What is Cubanelle Pepper?

cubanelle peppers

Cubanelle is a banana-shaped, long, hard, red-purple (when mature) pepper, also known as the “Italian frying pepper”. A mature Cubanelle pepper is approximately seven inches with smooth, pale skin. Compared to bell peppers, Cubanelle has a longer growing season with thin walls. You can eat this pepper in different states: cooked, raw, or roasted. The taste improves as Cubanelle peppers caramelize (the red color turns brown as it cooks).

Cubanelle has a fruitier overtone on top of the milder and slightly sweeter flavor. It originates from Cuba but is now popular across Canada and USA. Cubanelle pepper is readily available in the market and can be a perfect substitute for the Poblano pepper if Anaheim peppers are unavailable.

The Difference Between Cubanelle vs Poblano

To have a specific understanding of what Cubanelle vs Poblano is, check out the differences below.

Difference in Flavor

The main reason that makes Cubanelle peppers popular is their flavorful taste; they are a relatively sweet pepper. Cubanelle is characterized by a thin wall suitable for frying. You can enhance its mild sweet heat by adding drops of olive oil when frying your food.

The Poblano pepper is thicker walls than the Cubanelle, and they also have an almost earthy flavor. Its thickness, like bell pepper, makes it suitable for cooking, stuffing, and roasting. You can peel off the thick outer skin when Poblano pepper is roasted. Its smoky flavor makes it a key ingredient in several Mexican dishes.

Heat Level

In Cubanelle vs Poblano pepper, Cubanelle is milder than Poblano, which is suitable for people who love less spice in food. Cubanelle ranges between 500 – 1000 SHU, while Poblano ranges between 1000 – 1500 SHU (Scoville Heat Units).

Cubanelle is approximately four times milder than Jalapeño pepper, while Poblano is between Jalapeño and bell pepper.

Size and Appearance

Cubanelle vs Poblano peppers has a big difference in terms of size and appearance. The Poblano pepper is dark green when raw but turns red when ripe. Poblano can grow to an approximate length of four inches long and two inches wide.

On the other hand, Cubanelle pepper can grow approximately seven inches long and two inches wide. It is shaped like a banana pepper. As Cubanelle pepper grows, it has a pale green color that turns red when ripe.

Nutritional Value

Although Cubanelle peppers are a good source of vitamins A and C, Poblano peppers are the healthier choice. Poblanos contain more vitamin A, vitamin C, and various B-group vitamins. They are also rich in minerals, such as potassium and phosphorus.

However, both are low in calories and rich in fiber and micronutrients, which can boost the nutritional content of most recipes.

Cubanelle vs Poblano FAQs

Do Poblano peppers get less or more spicy when cooked?

As poblano peppers are cooked, the spiciness reduces. The best ways to reduce the heat of Poblanos are:

  • Pan-frying on a low heat
  • Poaching in boiling water

This is why these peppers can be used as a substitute for Jalapeños.

Are Cubanelle peppers hot or sweet?

The peppers’ ripeness can affect how hot or sweet they taste, which is no different for Cubanelles.

How should Cubanelle peppers and Poblano peppers be stored?

All peppers should be stored in the fridge. Once removed from the store packaging, keep Cubanelle peppers and Poblano peppers in airtight containers to ensure their freshness lasts for up to 1 week.

Summary of Cubanelle Peppers vs Poblano Peppers

Cubanelle and Poblano peppers play an important role in different recipes and cuisines. When going for pepper, remember Cubanelle pepper is milder than Poblano. Also, if you want pepper for frying, go for Cubanelle. But pick Poblano if you want pepper for grilling, roasting, or stuffing.

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